Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world

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Question: Read the passage and answer the questions:

Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world. It is also the highest trash pile in the world. About 400 people try to reach the top every year. Having many climbers means a lot of trash.

It is very dangerous to climb Mt. Everest. The air is very thin and cold. Most people carry bottles of oxygen; they could die without it. When the oxygen bottles are empty, people throw them on the ground. When strong winds rip their tents, people leave them behind. They don’t have the energy to take the trash away. They only have enough energy to go down the mountain safely.

Trash is a terrible problem. Since people first began to climb Mt. Everest, they have left 50,000 kilos of trash on the mountain. Several groups have climbed the mountain just to pick up the trash. When people plan to climb the mountain, they have to plan to take away their trash.

1. What is the main topic of the passage?

A. Wind on the mountain

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B. A problem with trash

C. A dangerous mountain

D. Climbing safely

2. Where do climbers put their empty oxygen bottles?

A. On the ground B. In trash cans C. On their back D. In their tents

3. Why do climbers leave their trash on the mountain?

A. Special groups will pick it up.

B. The wind will blow it away.

C. They don’t have the energy to take it away.

D. Other climbers will use it later.

4. How much trash has been left on the mountain?

A. Four hundred kilos B. Four thousand kilos

C. Five thousand kilos D. Fifty thousand kilos

5. Why do climbers on Mount Everest carry bottles of oxygen?

A. The weather is not cold.

B. Climbing makes them tired.

C. The air is very thin.

D. They are thirsty.

6. In line 6, the sentence: “people leave them behind”, what does the word them refer to?

A. Tents B. Oxygen bottles C. Strong winds D. Other climbers

Reply:

  1. REMOVE
  2. A
  3. OLD
  4. EASY
  5. OLD
  6. A

Join Trinh Hoai Duc High School to learn more about the types of reading comprehension passages in English and how to do them!

Expand your knowledge of types of reading comprehension passages in English

Type 1: Questions about the main idea or the title of the reading passage

Instructions for making

This is usually the first question in a reading comprehension passage, so it’s often a “scoring” sentence. The question usually takes the form of the following:

+ What is the topic of this passage? What is the topic of the entire reading comprehension passage?

+ What is the main idea expressed in this passage? – What is the main idea of ​​the article?

+ Which title best reflects the main idea of ​​the passage? Which of the following headings best reflects the main idea of ​​the article?

To answer this question correctly, the reader needs to reread the main sentences (usually the first 1-2 sentences) of the paragraphs. Don’t just read the main sentence of the first paragraph of the reading comprehension passage because usually it will refer to a sub-topic that can lead to the main topic. The main tip is to read the first sentence of the first paragraph, the middle and the end of the article to know the exact topic of the paragraph.

Sample Reading Comprehension

A tropical cyclone is a violent low pressure storm that usually occurs over warm oceans of over 80°F or 27°C. It winds counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere as it is described for the term, cyclone itself. This powerful storm is fueled by the heat energy that is released when water vapor condenses at high altitudes, the heat ultimately derived from the Sun.

The center of a tropical cyclone, called the eye, is relatively calm and warm. This eye, which is roughly 20 to 30 miles wide, is clear, mainly because of subsiding air within it. The ring of clouds around the eye is the eyewall, where clouds reach highest and precipitation is heaviest. The strong wind, gusting up to 360 kilometers per hour, occurs when a tropical cyclone’s eyewall passes over land.

There are various names for a tropical cyclone depending on its location and strength. In Asia, a tropical cyclone is named according to its strength. The strongest is a typhoon; its winds move at more than 117 kilometers per hour. In India, it is called a cyclone. Over the North Atlantic and in the South Pacific, they called it a hurricane.

On average, there are about 100 tropical cyclones worldwide each year. A tropical cyclone peaks in late summer when the difference between temperature in the air and sea surface is the greatest. However, it has its own seasonal patterns. May is the least active month, while September is the most active.

The destruction associated with a tropical cyclone results not only from the force of the wind, but also from the storm surge and the waves it generates. It is born and sustained over large bodies of warm water, and loses its strength over inland regions that are relatively safe from receiving strong winds. Although the tract of a tropical cyclone is very erratic, the Weather Service can still issue timely warnings to the public if a tropical cyclone is densely populated areas. If people ever experience a cyclone, they would know how strong it could be

Question & Answer Analysis

Question 30: What is the main idea of ​​the passage?

A/ The tropical cyclone is the most powerful force on the earth.

B/ The tropical cyclone can cause flooding and damage to structures.

C/ A tropical cyclone forms over the oceans and has great power.

D/ The tropical cyclone is called by different names around the world.

Answers to questions 1 type 1 reading comprehension English

What is the main idea of ​​the passage?

A/ Tropical storms are the most powerful on earth.

B/ Tropical storms can cause floods and destroy structures.

C/ A tropical storm formed over the oceans and was very powerful.

D/ Tropical cyclones are called by many different names around the world.

Information: A tropical cyclone is a violent low pressure storm that usually occurs over warm oceans of over 80°F or 27°C. (first sentence in paragraph 1)

The destruction associated with a tropical cyclone results not only from the force of the wind, but also from the storm surge and the waves it generates. (first sentence at the end)

A tropical storm is a violent low-pressure storm that usually occurs over oceans warmer than 80°F or 27°C.

The devastation associated with a tropical storm comes not only from the strength of the wind, but also from the storm and the waves it produces.

Of the 4 options A, B, C, D, we find that answer C is the most correct answer.

Type 2: question type to find detailed information in English reading comprehension types

How to do homework

Step 1: Underline keywords

What are key words? Keywords are keywords. So what are keywords? Keywords are important words, words that we cannot “throw away” because if removed, the sentence will not make sense. Usually these will be nouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, or as I remember briefly, it’s noun – adjective – verb – adverb.

Step 2: Locate the keywords in the paragraph

Use your scanning skills, read and scan the passage, use your “god given” eyes to find out where the purpose of that keyword is. So the question is scanning or scanning how to find key words?

The first thing we will need to do is scan our eyes from beginning to end to see where the key words are and circle those key words. Next, we will find each key word in turn, not too much.

Pay attention to the scanning part, let’s find each key word in turn, and don’t try to understand 100%. 70-80% is enough.

Step 3: Read the information around the keyword

After finding the key words in the passage, then read the information around the keywords carefully to see if they are really related to the question you are answering.

Step 4: Choose the correct answer

And after we find the information, read and understand, let’s compare the information found with the answers available in the reading passage.

FORM 3: Inference question

Often asks about information that is not directly stated in the passage, for example

– Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?

– Which of the following would be the most reasonable guess about…?

– What is the author’s tone in this passage? (informative, neutral, enthusiastic, regretful, disapproving, etc.)

Some answers are given: Positive (positive); Negative (negative); Neutral (neutral); Supportive (support); Skeptical (doubt)…

This type of question requires reasoning, so you should always do it last. To do this sentence, students need to apply their knowledge of the main idea, read the answers, find keywords in the answers, and then review and re-read the information related to that keyword in the lesson.

Example (reference topic)

A tropical cyclone is a violent low pressure storm that usually occurs over warm oceans of over 80°F or 27°C. It winds counterclockwise in the Northern Hemisphere and clockwise in the Southern Hemisphere as it is described for the term, cyclone itself. This powerful storm is fueled by the heat energy that is released when water vapor condenses at high altitudes, the heat ultimately derived from the Sun.

The center of a tropical cyclone, called the eye, is relatively calm and warm. This eye, which is roughly 20 to 30 miles wide, is clear, mainly because of subsiding air within it. The ring of clouds around the eye is the eyewall, where clouds reach highest and precipitation is heaviest. The strong wind, gusting up to 360 kilometers per hour, occurs when a tropical cyclone’s eyewall passes over land.

There are various names for a tropical cyclone depending on its location and strength. In Asia, a tropical cyclone is named according to its strength. The strongest is a typhoon; its winds move at more than 117 kilometers per hour. In India, it is called a cyclone. Over the North Atlantic and in the South Pacific, they called it a hurricane.

On average, there are about 100 tropical cyclones worldwide each year. A tropical cyclone peaks in late summer when the difference between temperature in the air and sea surface is the greatest. However, it has its own seasonal patterns. May is the least active month, while September is the most active.

The destruction associated with a tropical cyclone results not only from the force of the wind, but also from the storm surge and the waves it generates. It is born and sustained over large bodies of warm water, and loses its strength over inland regions that are relatively safe from receiving strong winds. Although the tract of a tropical cyclone is very erratic, the Weather Service can still issue timely warnings to the public if a tropical cyclone is densely populated areas. If people ever experience a cyclone, they would know how strong it could be

Question 50. Which of the following could best describe the author’s attitude in the passage?

A. objective (objective) B. negative (negative) C. sarcastic (sarcastic) D. sympathetic (sympathetic)

Analyze the question: often with scientific passages, they will be written with objective, neutral language, not emotional. Reading the article, we also see that the language in the article is a neutral language, without emotional adjectives, stressed words or exclamation points, question marks, etc. Answer A

Type 4: Substitute pronoun question form

Making

Step 1: Read the sentence containing the asked pronoun and the previous sentence

Read the sentence containing the bolded pronoun, then move on to reading the question before the sentence containing the bolded pronoun. Note: We do not need to read the whole text, just read the short passage containing the underlined pronoun. It is also not necessary to read the sentences that follow the sentence containing the underlined word, because these pronouns will only replace the word in that sentence, or the sentence immediately before it.

Step 2: Find a word in both sentences that can be replaced by the pronoun in question (pay attention to the singular and plural form).

Determine if the pronoun is in the plural or singular, if the pronoun is in the plural you just need to find a corresponding plural noun and do the same with the singular pronoun. So we’ve completed the question about replacement pronouns with two big, very simple steps, right?

Posted by: Trinh Hoai Duc High School

Category: Grade 10, English 10

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